Cambridge, UK: Fauna and Flora International. Dalbergia melanoxylon is traditionally used to treat diarrhoea, headache, bronchitis and colds, rheumatism, prevent miscarriage, treat gonorrhoea, stomachache and abdominal pain, to clean wounds, relieve pain in joints and to treat inflammation in mouth and throat. Since 1996 the African Blackwood Conservation Project (ABCP) has been committed to replanting the tree species Dalbergia melanoxylon – more commonly known as grenadilla, African blackwood or mpingo (Swahili) – in its native habitat of eastern Africa. Dalbergia sissoo is used as firewood, timber, poles, posts, tool handles, fodder, erosion control and as a windbreak. African Blackwood / Grenadillo Dalbergia Melanoxylon African Blackwood Family: Leguminosae Other Names: Congowood, Mozambique ebony, Senegal ebony Cape Damson ebony. 3 parts potting soil and 1 part river sand), in summer. Flora Zambesiaca Leguminosae subfamily Papillionoideae byJ.M. In: Sustainable Production of African blackwood Dalbergia melanoxylon. Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. 2002. Dalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood, grenadilla, or mpingo) is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to seasonally dry regions of Africa from Senegal east to Eritrea and south to the north-eastern parts of South Africa.The tree is an important timber species in its native areas; it is used in the manufacture of musical instruments and fine furniture. Spiny shrub or tree, up to 5–12(–30) m. tall, typically several-stemmed and much branched to form a low irregularly shaped crown; bark grey, ultimately rough and fissured or … Medicinal Uses – Dalbergia melanoxylon is well known throughout eastern Africa as a medicinal tree, usage being made of its bark, leaves and roots, and it is found in many listings of African medicinal plants. Login to add your Comment The flowers are pollinated by Insects. Common names: zebra wood, African blackwood, African ebony (Eng. It is often multi-stemmed and much-branched, forming a low, irregularly shaped crown. It can fix Nitrogen. The leaves and pods provide good mulch and the roots of these trees may improve the soil by nitrogen fixation. Not registered yet? Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Common Uses: Veneer, musical instruments (guitar bodies and fingerboards), furniture, cabinetry, inlays, carving, turned objects, and other small specialty wood items. Van Wyk, B. D. melanoxylon is relatively slow growing. & Perr.) ]. Other Common Names: Mufunjo (Uganda), Mpingo, Mugembe (Tanzania), Babanus (Sudan), Mukelete (Rhodesia), Grenadilla (Mozambique). Amerimnon melanoxylon Kuntze) African Blackwood, Mpingo, Mozambique ebony, Senegal ebony, Ébène, African Grenadilla. Dalbergia melanoxylon. https//uses.plantnet.org.en/Dalbergia –melanoxylon-(PROTA). It grows in mixed woodland, thicket, bushveld, on rocky outcrops or termite mounds. Seeds must be collected when they are brown, cleaned by removing the papery pod and sown when they are still fresh, without pre-treatment, in a seed tray filled with a well-drained sowing medium (e.g. Dalbergia melanoxylon is pollinated by bees. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Foden, W. & Potter, L. 2005. Fruit is a small, brown to khaki-coloured, flattened, thin, papery pod, not splitting, with a slight swelling where there is a seed. Dalbergia melanoxylon, mainly used for the making of woodwind instruments, is the single alternative homogeneous black wood that is still commercially available but is under unsustainable exploitation pressure locally (Jenkins et al., 2002). It is an important timber species used in making musical instruments and furniture. Accessed on 2019/12/02. It is a plant of low to moderate elevations and it grows in areas where the mean annual temperature is in the range 18–35ºC and the mean annual rain fall is 700–1 200 mm. Abstract Notes are given on the botany, ecology, distribution (in Africa), uses, silviculture, limitations, and future research needs of this multipurpose nitrogen fixing tree. Branches are clustered at the nodes. They can be used to prevent soil erosion because of its extensive root system. A bagpipe practice chanter made out of African Blackwood. Distribution: A rather extensive range in savanna regions from Sudan southward to Mozambique, westward to Angola, and then northward to Nigeria and Senegal. Click here to register. Bole length occasionally reaches 3.6 m but normally ranges within .2-1.8 m. Average dbh at maturity is less Conservation. Section of wood showing white sapwood and dark heartwood. The sapwood is yellowish white, and makes an eye-catching contrast with the black heartwood. Jacana, Johannesburg. Occasionally slightly lighter, with a dark brown or purplish hue. Dalbergia melanoxylon. It cannot grow in the shade. Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park. Its black heartwood has been highly prized since ancient times and used for carving and to make artefacts. 2017 Germination of Seeds of Melanoxylon brauna Schott. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by The pale yellow sapwood is usually very thin, and is clearly demarcated from the darker heartwood. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. Mature trees are fire tolerant and young seedlings are harmed by fire. Winfred Velephi NgwenyaLowveld National Botanical GardenDecember 2019. Guill. (Dalbergia melanoxylon) About; Range and Habitat; Uses and Threats. The soil should be kept moist all the time, but not wet. World Conservation Monitoring Centre 1998. Dalbergia melanoxylon or commonly known as African Blackwood, Grenadilla, or Mpingo is a flowering plant native to Africa. & Perr.) Běl je úzká, šedavě bílá. 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